Too much hydration is a danger? Don't panic, we'll explain!
Too much hydration = Danger?
What are the benefits of drinking plenty of water?
The human body is 70% water, therefore hydration is essential for physiological homeostasis. On the other hand, body water is distributed in intracellular and extracellular compartments.
In fact, ⅔ of the water mass is contained in the intracellular space, which contains a high concentration of proteins, potassium and phosphates and a low concentration of sodium and chlorine.
The role of water in health is generally characterized in terms of the difference between an ideal hydrated state versus dehydration.
(The concept of dehydration encompasses both the process of losing body water and the state of dehydration.)
The World Health Organization and doctors recommend drinking between 2 and 3 liters of water a day, or 10 to 15 glasses. 20-30% of these intakes come from solid foods and 78-80% enter the body through direct ingestion of water, according to data from the Institute for Research on Water and Health.
The benefits of good hydration are visible at different levels:
Gastrointestinal : water improves intestinal motility and facilitates the digestive mechanism.
Renal : water allows the kidneys to dilute waste products to eliminate them in the form of urine. According to the Kidney Foundation, good hydration helps to avoid the risk of the formation of urinary stones and/or urinary tract infections.
Cardiac : water improves the oxygenation of the organs. Indeed, according to a study presented at the congress of the European Society of Cardiology, researchers have revealed that good hydration helps prevent and reduce the risk of developing heart failure.
Cutaneous : the skin contains more than 70% water. According to dermatologists, proper hydration helps improve elasticity and turgidity.
↓ Click here to discover our Hydratis products ↓
Drinking too much water, is it dangerous? Hyponatremia and overhydration
There are two types of hyperhydration: extracellular hyperhydration and intracellular hyperhydration.
When water accumulates outside the tissues, it is called extracellular hyperhydration.
This type of overhydration is linked to low blood protein levels, which causes water to leak out of blood vessels and pool around tissues because it no longer has to balance protein .
Conversely, we speak of intracellular hyperhydration when water accumulates in the tissues. In this case, it is an imbalance in the water balance. This type of overhydration is always accompanied by hyponatremia (decrease in the concentration of sodium in the blood).
Hyponatremia first manifests in the gastrointestinal system with nausea and vomiting. When the sodium level in the blood becomes extremely low, water leaves the blood to enter the cells, causing them to double in size. The brain is particularly sensitive to this phenomenon, it swells. The individual is then likely to experience headaches in addition to becoming lethargic and confused. If a fluid balance is not restored quickly, convulsions and seizures ensue.
↓ Right now, take advantage of our offer: a free Coconut Hydratis! ↓
The importance of electrolytes and how Hydratis can help you?
Electrolytes are chemical components which form particles and which carry a positive or negative electrical charge (ions) in physiological fluids. These ions carry the electrical energy essential for the execution of several functions.
In the human body, the main electrolytes are:
Sodium (Na+): It regulates the water and fluid balance in the body thanks to the kidneys, plays an important role in muscle function. That said, be careful, too much sodium contributes to hypertension.
Potassium (K+): It contributes to the proper functioning of the nervous system, in particular to the transmission of nerve impulses and muscle contraction.
Chlorine (Cl-): It is an important factor in balancing the amounts of water inside and outside the cells. It is involved in regulating blood pH (level of acidity). In addition, at the level of the stomach, it is used to manufacture hydrochloric acid, a constituent of gastric juice (which participates in the digestion of food).
Calcium: It contributes, among other things, to the proper functioning of strong bones and teeth as well as muscles and energy metabolism. Indeed, it is important for muscle contractions, including those of the heart, and for the transmission of nerve impulses. Calcium deficiency can express rickets in children and osteoporosis in adults. However, too much calcium can cause kidney stones.
Magnesium: It helps reduce fatigue, it helps the normal functioning of the nervous system, participates in normal psychological functions such as concentration, reasoning or memory. Magnesium deficiency causes muscle cramps, PMS symptoms, menopausal symptoms, fatigue, and depression.
Bicarbonate (HCO3–): It helps regulate the pH of our body. It helps neutralize excess acid in the blood and digestive system.
Phosphate (HPO4–): Like calcium, it plays a key role in the strength of bones and teeth. It is also essential for the production of the proteins the body uses to grow and repair cells. However, an excess of phosphates can supplant calcium and weaken the bones.
Electrolytes provide functions such as:
nerve and muscle functions
Without the right electrolytes or if the electrolyte balance is altered, symptoms may occur. The muscles may become weak, inducing muscle cramps or convulsions. This can also result in problems of anxiety, hypertension, nausea or even trouble concentrating and sleeping.
To alleviate the effects of dehydration, the Hydratis drink is there to help you, it allows water to be absorbed more quickly and efficiently by the body while contributing to muscle recovery . It also helps to reduce fatigue and fight against cell stress (symptomatic of periods of dehydration ).